English Dog Breeds

36 out of the 63 officially recognized British dog breeds originated in England. They are:

Airedale Terrier
Bedlington Terrier
Bull Terrier
Bull Terrier (Miniature)
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
English Setter
English Toy Terrier
Fox Terrier (Smooth)
Fox Terrier (Wire)
Jack Russell Terrier
King Charles Spaniel
Lakeland Terrier
Lancashire Heeler
Manchester Terrier
Norfolk Terrier
Norwich Terrier
Old English Sheepdog
Parson Russell Terrier
Retriever (Curly Coated)
Retriever (Flat Coated)
Spaniel (Clumber)
Spaniel (Cocker)
Spaniel (English Springer)
Spaniel (Field)
Spaniel (Sussex)
Staffordshire Bull Terrier
Yorkshire Terrier

All British Breed Registration Figures, 2006 – 2015

Airedale Terrier861869864601599612600555610659
Bearded Collie720606643528572547480552371346
Bedlington Terrier471495505491569558506482462395
Border Collie2219235923752356260424002144211521421941
Border Terrier8916881491458214838371886577639059885426
Bull Terrier3361333529222624246722842132182515671477
Bull Terrier (Miniature)212294225227223216192161189183
Cairn Terrier18341873194615021453132910351085908835
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel1141111422112268884815474465970514549314383
Collie (Rough)10231196117187010461046943842793746
Collie (Smooth)53634374547588823378
Dandie Dinmont Terrier781241191081519812010514488
English Setter450416399295349234314326332289
English Toy Terrier114128117113136951261159478
Fox Terrier (Smooth)17313717813315513794122142148
Fox Terrier (Wire)688634763604693646669604676672
Glen of Imaal Terrier41368946616757557479
Gordon Setter345312362192306245252273250234
Irish Red and White Setter115931428583119898210264
Irish Setter1229102913328471126869924859829806
Irish Terrier324271369289357277306362371290
Irish Wolfhound418487439323352321302322282293
Kerry Blue Terrier263267198190223212210169172131
King Charles Spaniel251177187150199180217161142149
Lakeland Terrier277269303283254247208221176173
Lancashire Heeler1731461581331349810410313281
Manchester Terrier133113135146107152124198187192
Norfolk Terrier631686635603534577546568540575
Norwich Terrier147128152160172158170194166147
Old English Sheepdog536692529413507401429461405495
Parson Russell Terrier764892680714554539562499395407
Retreiver (Golden)9373955791597804791180817085711769776928
Retriever (Curly Coated)18781128937262711187766
Retriever (Flat Coated)1527171813531233143813871184129911801251
Scottish Terrier11371031918729837695677712612592
Sealyham Terrier576543474963766897113
Shetland Sheepdog157716551634137413331386108511121060963
Skye Terrier84372775374442176343
Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier403324352284405433455372404423
Spaniel (Clumber)247223198211271235151247217214
Spaniel (Cocker)20459208832250822211237442325823306229432236622577
Spaniel (English Springer)15133147021489912700139881288312792113161061610246
Spaniel (Field)64677551554647297046
Spaniel (Irish Water)10516210113111710114810188132
Spaniel (Sussex)74615660685274556743
Spaniel (Welsh Springer)352376510387338396348353315363
Staffordshire Bull Terrier1272912167107448746866371136235576749374563
Welsh Corgi (Cardigan)846881794610894102118124
Welsh Corgi (Pembroke)533471464329363371333328274366
Welsh Terrier386377360337432415352447392389
West Highland White Terrier9300830973305890536146343975317431192692
Yorkshire Terrier4042405539513767344130402505207716901307
Jack Russell Terrier *

* The JRT has only been recognised as an official breed by the Kennel Club since 1 January 2016

Vulnerable Native and At Watch Breed Registration Figures 2015

Vulnerable Native Breeds:

Skye Terrier43
Spaniel (Sussex)43
Spaniel (Field)46
Irish Red and White Setter64
Retriever (Curly Coated) 66
English Toy Terrier78
Collie (Smooth)78
Glen of Imaal Terrier79
Lancashire Heeler81
Dandie Dinmont Terrier88
Sealyham Terrier113
Welsh Corgi (Cardigan)124
Kerry Blue Terrier131
Spaniel (Irish Water)132
Norwich Terrier147
Smooth Fox Terrier148
King Charles Spaniel149
Lakeland Terrier173
Bull Terrier (Miniature)183
Manchester Terrier192
Spaniel (Clumber)214
Gordon Setter234
English Setter289
Irish Terrier290
Irish Wolfhound293

At Watch Breeds: 

Bearded Collie346
Spaniel (Welsh Springer)363
Welsh Corgi (Pembroke)366
Welsh Terrier389
Bedlington Terrier395
Parson Russell Terrier407
Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier423
Old English Sheepdog495

Vulnerable Native Breeds List

In June 2003, the British Kennel Club became concerned about the decline of some British dog breeds in the UK. Following research and consultation with the relevant breed clubs, it was decided that action should be taken to promote these endangered native breeds.

The Kennel Club subsequently published a list of Vulnerable Native Breeds, defined as dog breeds of English, Welsh, Scottish or Irish origin which register less than 300 puppies each year. They also produced a second list of British breeds which should be ‘At Watch’, due to annual registrations between 300 and 500.

Since the list was produced, the Kennel Club has undertaken various initiatives to raise the profile of these dogs. For example, at Crufts 2008, they featured in a Vulnerable Breeds Parade in the Main Arena, and they were given a dedicated booth at Discover Dogs for a few years. In 2015, the first ever Vulnerable Breeds Competition was held, culminating in a final won by the Gordon Setter, Sh Ch Lourdace Fulcrum JW, at Crufts 2016. The Kennel Club also put out annual press releases regarding the state of the Vulnerable Native Breeds following the finalisation of the annual registration and import figures (see below). Of course, breed enthusiasts and clubs also play a large part in the promotion of their breeds; for example the recent gathering of Dandie Dinmont Terriers to celebrate the 200th anniversary of the book which gave them their name.

The Vulnerable Native and At Watch breeds represent 37 of the 63 officially recognised native British breeds.  British Breeds currently classed as Vulnerable* are 

Bull Terrier (Miniature)
Collie (Smooth)
Dandie Dinmont Terrier
English Setter
English Toy Terrier
Fox Terrier (Smooth)
Glen of Imaal Terrier
Gordon Setter
Irish Red and White Setter
Irish Terrier
Irish Wolfhound
King Charles Spaniel
Kerry Blue Terrier
Lakeland Terrier
Lancashire Heeler
Manchester Terrier
Norwich Terrier
Retriever (Curly Coated)
Sealyham Terrier
Skye Terrier
Spaniel (Clumber)
Spaniel (Field)
Spaniel (Sussex)
Spaniel (Irish Water)
Welsh Corgi (Cardigan)

British Breeds currently classed as At Watch*:

Bearded Collie
Bedlington Terrier
Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
Old English Sheepdog
Parson Russell Terrier
Spaniel (Welsh Springer)
Welsh Terrier
Welsh Corgi (Pembroke)

* Based on their 2015 registration figures
** It is also worth noting that the Foxhound and the Greyhound both have extremely low registration figures (8 and 34 in 2015 respectively), but are not considered to be Vulnerable Breeds. This is due to the fact that many dogs of this breed exist in racing circles and hunt kennels, but are just not formally registered with the Kennel Club. 

KC Press Releases: 

2012 – English Setter Joins List of Vulnerable Native Breeds
2014 – Skye Terrier registrations fall to a record low, making them more rare than Giant Pandas
2015 – Queen’s Corgi Breeds In Danger As Popularity Plummets
2016 – Queen’s Corgi And Old English Sheepdog Bounce Back

Other Links:

Crufts 2015 & 2016 entry figures
Vulnerable Native Breeds feature, Crufts 2014, w Frank Kane